by Bengt Ljungqvist and Berit Reinmüller
This book is based on the authors’ work that has been published over the last three decades to advance the knowledge of Safety Ventilation and airborne contaminants in clean and controlled environments.
Safety Ventilation is defined as the interaction between air movements and the dispersion of airborne contaminants in industrial environments and the contamination control of these environments. Safety Ventilation regards both human safety and product safety cleanliness.
This book is a collection of scientific peer-reviewed papers written by Bengt Ljungqvist and Berit Reinmüller and their co-authors and limited to airborne contamination control in pharmaceutical cleanrooms and hospital operating rooms. All the papers have been published in the PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology or the European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The papers are reprinted with kind permission from the Parenteral Drug Association (PDA), USA, and the Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Sciences Society (PHSS), UK.
The book is designed as a text for educational purposes and as a reference for practical applications. The papers have been grouped together in seven sections which can be read independently. The topics are:
- Air movements and dispersion of contaminants
- Microbiological environmental monitoring and monitoring equipment
- The LR-method and its application
- Airflow through openings. Freeze-dryers and autoclaves
- Pharmaceutical Blow-Fill-Seal environments
- Cleanroom clothing systems
- Hospital operating rooms